To crack the code of building low-cost electric vehicles, Japan's automakers intend to leverage their skills at tried-and-true lean manufacturing and kaizen.
For a house-proud engineering force such as Honda, relying on GM for EV help may be surprising. But Honda expects to return to its old independent prowess in due time.
Toyota and Lexus dealers, who have been getting by for months with some of the leanest inventories in history, will see that trickle of vehicles dry up further.
Automakers and battery companies are spending unprecedented sums of money as they build out North America's EV supply chain.
The industry is settling into the new year acknowledging that it's not out of the woods yet on chip shortage disruptions.