Toyota Motor Corp., American Honda, Hyundai, Subaru and Kia posted sharply lower U.S. sales last month in what shaped up to be the low point for automakers as the market reels from closed showrooms and government restrictions on household and business activity because of the COVID-19 outbreak.
Volume dropped 54 percent at Toyota Motor, with demand down the same amount at the Toyota division and Lexus. Overall, the automaker's truck deliveries slid 50 percent and car sales dropped 61 percent -- even as the company's average new-vehicle incentive rose 24 percent to $2,551 last month. (See chart below.)
The Toyota division's top-selling vehicles all posted declines of 30 percent or more: Camry, down 62 percent; Corolla, off 53 percent; RAV4, down 56 percent; Tacoma, off 30 percent and Highlander, down 64 percent.
Still, the results were better than the internal forecasts at Toyota, the No. 3 seller in the U.S.
"We've hit bottom," Bob Carter, head of U.S. sales for Toyota, said Friday. "It was a much better month [across the industry] than we anticipated."
Carter said industry sales rose 20 percent over the last 10 days of April compared with the same period in March. He added fleet shipments, down an estimated 85 percent in April, are the biggest drag on the market.
At American Honda, volume dropped 54 percent, with sales down 54 percent at Honda and 57 percent at Acura. The company said car demand dropped 55 percent while light-truck deliveries fell 53 percent.
In another sign the market is rebounding, April deliveries fell 38 percent at Kia and 47 percent at Subaru, results that outpaced overall market projections.
U.S. sales fell 39 percent at Hyundai, one of the hotter brands in recent quarters because of an expanded crossover lineup, with light-truck deliveries off 13 percent to 21,305 while car demand skidded 59 percent to 12,663.
Overall, retail sales declined 28 percent and fleet shipments slumped 74 percent, Hyundai said.
While the pandemic significantly disrupted April demand across the industry, Hyundai executives credited the "ingenuity of our dealers" and "robust customer assistance programs” for helping to mitigate the impact.
“Sales varied significantly across regions," said Randy Parker, vice president of national sales for Hyundai Motor America. "We focused on supporting sales in areas that transitioned from showroom retail to digital and contactless retail sales and service."
Hyundai is covering up to six months of payments for consumers who purchase or lease a new vehicle between March 14 and May 17 if they lose their job because of the pandemic this year.
Among other automakers, volume dropped 45 percent at Mazda, with light trucks off 34 percent and cars down 63 percent, and 50 percent at Genesis.
Volvo said April U.S. fell 54 percent to 3,866, with volume improving week-over-week throughout the month, adding deliveries were "led by an especially strong performance by Volvo’s southern region and its retailers."
The Detroit 3, Nissan Motor, Volkswagen Group, Daimler, BMW Group and other automakers now report sales on a quarterly basis. Analysts believe every company suffered sharply lower April volume, even with a spike in incentives spurred by 0 percent finance offers.
Automakers and dealers have countered many of the lockdown measures with remote and online sales, but U.S. light-vehicle deliveries were expected to fall 50 to 55 percent in April, based on estimates from ALG, Edmunds and Cox Automotive.
J.D. Power on May 6 estimated U.S. sales totaled 722,600 cars and light trucks in April, with retail deliveries of 629,300 units.
Earlier, Cox and Edmunds projected 620,000 to 633,000 cars and light trucks were sold during the month, well below the 657,161 tallied in January 2009 in the depths of the Great Recession. Toyota estimated the industry would finish with some 690,000 new deliveries in April.
The seasonally adjusted annualized sales rate was expected to tumble to 7.5 million to 7.7 million, according to forecasts. That would be the lowest sales pace in more than 40 years -- it hit 8.8 million in December 1981 during a double dip recession, according to Cox. For comparison, during the Great Recession, the SAAR hit a low of 9.05 million in February 2009. Based on Toyota's results, Carter suggested the final SAAR will come in around 8.5 million to 8.6 million.
Demand continues to rebound weekly as more states lift stay-at-home orders, dealership showrooms reopen and automakers pitch generous deals.
“Recent sales data suggests demand is starting to recover modestly after the initial shock in March and early April," said Charlie Chesbrough, senior economist at Cox.. "Some people want to buy a vehicle or need to buy a vehicle, even in a pandemic.”
U.S. light-vehicle sales dropped 13 percent in the first quarter behind sharply lower March results when many states began imposing lockdown orders.
Still, even as more showrooms reopen, analysts say the recovery will be long and spotty, with job cuts expected to continue and households dialing back on major purchases.
“With employment and consumer confidence at new lows, the question remains: Will people be in the position to purchase new cars?,” said Edmunds analyst Jessica Caldwell. “Although automakers are doing their part by offering landmark incentives, those might not be enough if consumers cannot recover financially from this crisis.”
ALG estimates average incentives rose 20 percent to $4,079 per vehicle last month compared with April 2019, with FCA US and General Motors the biggest discounters among mass-market automakers. (See chart below.) Incentives remained near record levels at $4,800 per unit during the week ending April 26, J.D. Power said Wednesday, with rising discounts driven by bigger deals on compact crossovers. Incentives hit a record $5,000 per unit during the week ending May 3, J.D. Power added, with the latest increase driven by luxury brands and lease mix.
- There were 26 selling days in April vs 25 in April 2019.
- 0 percent finance deals accounted for 26 percent of financed purchases in April, compared to 4.7 percent in March and 3.6 percent in February, Edmunds said Friday, marking the highest level for such deals dating back to 2004.
- Combined sales in the five biggest segments, which represented 60 percent of all retail sales in 2019, fell 37 percent from forecasts during the week ending April 26, J.D. Power said, suggesting popular cars and light trucks are faring better than the overall market.
- Pickup demand, supported by 0 percent finance offers from some Detroit 3 automakers, continued to outperform the overall market in the week ending Sunday, J.D. Power said, with deliveries off only 9 percent from its pre-virus forecast.
- The estimated average transaction price for a light vehicle in the United States was $38,060 in April 2020, an increase of 2 percent year-over-year, Kelley Blue Book said Friday.
- Every major market continued to rebound as the month closed, including New York and Detroit, two of the most severely impacted regions, J.D. Power said. Some Southern and Western markets such as Phoenix posted rapid improvement at month-end, with Dallas returning to near pre-virus volumes in the final weeks of April.