YOKOSUKA, Japan – Nissan Motor Co. is showing off a next-generation lidar system that it says will let vehicles conduct high-speed emergency maneuvers without a hand on the wheel or foot on the brake.
The advanced driver-assist system will debut in the mid-2020s and is part of Nissan's push to equip nearly every new model with lidar safety technology by the end of the decade.
Engineers previewed a prototype here last week at the company's Oppama proving ground south of Tokyo. In demonstrations, a Nissan Skyline sedan equipped with the system dodged errant vehicles, rolling tires, road debris and stopped for mannequins darting into the road.
The speeding Skyline was able to perform the safety maneuvers all while cruising at clip of up to 100 km/h (62 mph), even with no human driver controlling the car.
The system also has a lidar function that enables the car to self-navigate in areas -- such as hotel drop-off roundabouts -- where there are no clearly defined maps or road markings. This uses something called Dynamic SLAM, short for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping.
Tetsuya Iijima, the general manager in charge of driver-assist technologies at Nissan, said no other manufacturer had developed a lidar-based technology capable of such high-speed, super-agile autonomy. Current systems, he said, cover only routine driving under predictable conditions.
The technology, which builds on Nissan's ProPilot autonomous driving technology, is key to achieving a "secure autonomous driving" that can stop a car in any situation, Iijima said.
Even in Level 3 automated systems, for instance, drivers must still be ready to take control in a pinch. To Nissan, that puts an unnecessary burden on humans, who expect greater safety.
"Customers want a car that won't crash," said Iijima, who led development of Nissan's first-generation ProPilot system in 2015. "They expect that in real autonomous driving."
"A tire could come flying at you on the freeway, and you need to be ready for such a thing even in Level 3," Iijima said. "But it is very difficult to cover all the combinations of possible accidents. Our challenge is to cover all emergency maneuvers. It is a very high target."
Nissan demonstrated the technology at speeds ranging between 60 and 100 km/h (37 and 62 mph). But the technology is ready to handle vehicles going as fast as 130 km/h (80 mph), Iijima said.