When Ford launched the aluminum-bodied F-150 pickup nearly a decade ago, employees at the company's manufacturing operations collected, sorted and returned the scrap metal to Ford's aluminum suppliers for recycling.
The spinoff effects of that "closed loop" process, which Ford is still using, are many. It reduces Ford's raw material costs. It cuts demand for virgin aluminum, which in turn helps keep carbon dioxide emissions out of the atmosphere. And it also gives Ford some pricing flexibility on the F-150.
Here, in the early days of the electric vehicle era, that same kind of innovative thinking is needed to reduce the massive waste created by battery-electric vehicles.