Automotive News

The UAW-Detroit 3
2019 negotiations

Latest News

FCA Vote

Ford Vote

GM Vote

Key Issues

Data Points

Key Players

Latest news

Highlights

Some details in the UAW-FCA agreement

■ $9,000 ratification bonus for full-time workers, $3,500 ratification bonus for temporary workers
■ FCA will create 7,900 jobs with $9 billion in U.S. manufacturing investments through 2023.
■ FCA and the UAW agreed to dissolve their jointly run National Training Center.
■ FCA workers will get 4 percent bonuses this year and in 2021 and 3 percent wage increases in 2020 and 2022.
■ Path for temporary workers to reach full-time status
■ "In-progression" employees, who account for 64 percent of FCA's hourly work force, no longer would have different health care, dental and vision coverage from more senior colleagues. Temps would get prescription drug coverage for the first time.
■ $60,000 retirement package to eligible hourly workers at the Belvidere Assembly Plant in Illinois, the Marysville Axle and Mount Elliott plants in Michigan and the Milwaukee parts distribution center.
Some details in the UAW-Ford agreement

■ Caps the number of temporary workers Ford can use at 8% company-wide, and 10% at any individual facility
■ Romeo Engine would close, but the plant's roughly 600 workers would transition to Van Dyke Transmission. Aside from that facility, Ford agreed to a moratorium on plant closings through the life of the contract
■ Workers at Woodhaven Stamping/Hot Metal Forming, one of three plants on a separate pay scale that earned less than other assembly workers, would be brought up to the normal scale and become eligible for top wages. Workers at Rawsonville and Sterling Axle remain on that sub-scale.
■ 3% raises in 2020 and 2022, 4% lump-sum payments in 2019 and 2021
■ Profit-sharing formula unchanged
■ Skilled trades get $1,000 lump-sum payments in 2019 and 2021 to use toward tooling
■ Path for temporary workers to reach full-time status
■ $9,000 ratification bonus for full-time workers, $3,500 ratification bonus for temporary workers
■ $60,000 bonus to an unlimited number of production employees and up to 200 skilled trades workers who elect to retire.
■ Carryover health benefits allowing workers to continue paying 3% of costs; includes new discounts for retail clinics, and telemedicine with a $10 copay.
Some details in the UAW-GM agreement

■ GM commits to invest $9 billion in U.S. plants over the length of the contract.
■ Lordstown Assembly in Ohio and transmission plants in Michigan and Maryland will be closed permanently.
■ Although not in the contract, GM says it remains committed to creating jobs in Ohio, including 1,000 jobs at a new battery cell plant in northeast Ohio.
■ GM commits to build its future electric pickup at the Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Plant.
■ GM will hire temporary workers to full-time positions after they log three years with the company.
■ Entry-level full-time workers will have a 4-year grow-in to top wages. The current grow-in period is 8 years.
■ The cap on profit sharing, which now maxes out at $12,000, will be lifted. How profit sharing is calculated will not change.
■ GM commits to create or retain 9,000 UAW jobs over the length of the contract. Most of those jobs will be newly-created.
■ UAW members will receive 3 percent pay raises in the second and fourth year of the four-year pact, and 4 percent lump sum payments in the first and third year.
■ GM will disperse a $11,000 ratification bonus to every full-time worker, and a $4,500 bonus to temporary workers.
■ Health-care benefits, which include a 3 percent cost-share for UAW members, remain unchanged.
■ The jointly-run training center will be dissolved, and GM will provide a new location for training and joint activities.
■ GM will contribute $1,000 to the pensions of workers hired before 2007 who are still eligible for that benefit.
■ GM will offer $60,000 bonuses to up to 2,060 workers eligible for retirement who leave the company in January or February.

» Go to our complete 2019 contract talks coverage

FCA local vote

Wednesday, Dec. 11: The UAW has ratified the contract with FCA. The union says roughly 71 percent of workers voted in favor of the deal.

Reporting, sorted by most recent:

Local 7 - Jefferson North Assembly -- Yes: 2,113 | No: 644

Local 723 - Dundee Engine -- Yes: 548 | No: 197

Local 12 - Toledo Assembly -- Yes: 1,647 | No: 1,582

Local 372 - Trenton Engine -- Yes: 767 | No: 198

Local 685 - Kokomo Transmission, Tipton Transmission, Indiana Transmission -- Yes: 2,957 | No: 666

Local 412 - CTC -- Yes: 63% production | 79% skilled trades

Local 140 -- Warren Truck -- Yes: 964 | No: 195

Local 1700 -- Sterling Heights Assembly -- Yes: 2,828 | No: 827

Local 1248 -- Center Line/Romulus -- Yes: 461 | No: 60

Local 1435 -- Toledo Machining -- Yes: 274 | No: 142

Local 1166 - Kokomo Casting -- Yes: 740 | No: 141

Displaying only hourly employees totals per local that exceed 1,000
    VOTING
    Production   Skilled trades workers
FCA PLANTS / FACILITIES Hourly Employees Yes No   Yes No
Local 1268 & 1761 - Belvidere Assembly & Stamping 3,667          
Local 723 - Dundee Engine   427 162   121 35
Local 685 & 1302 - Indiana Transmission I & II 1,429          
Local 7 - Jefferson North Assembly 4,680 1,992 475   121 169
Local 1302 - Kokomo Casting 1,171          
Local 1166 - Kokomo Casting 1,171 516 66   224 75
Local 685 - Kokomo Transmission, Tipton Transmission, Indiana Transmission 3,570 2,424 432   533 234
Local 51 - Mack Avenue Engine            
Local 212 - Mt. Elliott Tool & Die            
Local 1700 - Sterling Heights Assembly 7,327 2,828 491   98 336
Local 1264 - Sterling Stamping 2,036          
Local 12 - Toledo Assembly 6,400 1,470 1,488   177 94
Local 1435 - Toledo Machining   183 93   93 49
Local 372 - Trenton Engine 1,565 644 146   123 52
Local 869 - Warren Stamping 1,785          
Local 140 - Warren Truck 2,306 865 132   99 63
Local 412 - CTC*   63%     79%  
Local 889            
Local 961 - Marysville Axle            
Local 1248 - Center Line/Romulus   407 57   54 3
TOTAL 47,000 11,756 3,542   1,643 1,110
Percentage breakdown   76.8% 23.2%   59.7% 40.3%
* Estimate
** Includes Production and Skilled Trades, but no breakdown available

Ford local vote

Friday, Nov. 15: The UAW says the deal passed with a 56.3 percent margin

Reporting, sorted by most recent:

Local 862 - Kentucky Truck -- Yes: 2,361 | No: 4,001

Local 862 - Louisville Assembly -- Yes: 838 | No: 1,984

Local 600 -- Dearborn Stamping -- Yes: 743 | No: 251

Local 2000 -- Ohio Assembly -- Yes: 917 | No: 410

Local 600 -- Brownstown Complex and Livonia PDC -- Yes: 375 | No: 157

Local 1250 - Cleveland Engine 1 -- Yes: 655 | No: 559

Local 600 - Rouge Maintenance & Construction -- Yes: 501 | No: 153

Local 600 - Dearborn Truck -- Yes: 1,571 | No: 776

Local 1219 - Lima Engine -- Yes: 492 | No: 534

Local 863 - Sharonville Transmission -- Yes: 708 | No: 560

Local 228 - Sterling Axle -- Yes: 871 | No: 643

Local 249 - Kansas City HVC (Total votes: 66) -- Yes: 84.9%

Local 2280 -- Van Dyke Transmission -- Yes: 563 | No: 211

Local 900 - Michigan Assembly and Body/Stamping -- Yes: 1,810 | No: 466

Local 249 - Kansas City Assembly -- Yes: 2,541 | No: 1,955

Local 182 - Livonia Transmission -- Yes: 1,274 | No: 547

Local 387 - Woodhaven Stamping -- Yes: 256 | No: 48

Local 387 - Woodhaven Forging -- Yes: 54 | No: 6

Local 588 - Chicago Stamping -- Yes: 605 | No: 218

Local 3000 - Flat Rock -- Yes: 1,088 | No: 922

Local 898 - Rawsonville -- Yes: 351 | No: 123

Local 897 - Buffalo Stamping -- Yes: 515 | No: 297

Local 551 - Chicago Assembly -- Yes: 1,030 | No: 1,599

Local 931 - Allen Park -- Yes: 177 | No: 44

Displaying only hourly employees totals per local that exceed 1,000
    VOTING
    Production   Skilled trades workers
FORD PLANTS / FACILITIES Hourly Employees Yes No   Yes No
Local 551 - Chicago Assembly 5,700 913 1,497   117 102
Local 862 - Kentucky Truck 8,620 2,001 3,651   360 356
Local 862 - Louisville Assembly 3,900 675 1,833   163 151
Local 600 - Dearborn Truck** 4,200 1,571 776      
Local 3000 - Flat Rock Assembly 2,300 940 806   148 116
Local 900 - Michigan Assembly 2,800 1093 156   186 14
Local 900 - Michigan Body/Stamping   359 208   172 88
Local 249 - Kansas City Assembly 6,900 2,254 1,804   287 151
Local 2000 - Ohio Assembly** 1,600 917 410      
Local 588 - Chicago Stamping 1,180 402 154   203 64
Local 600 - Rouge Maintenance & Construction**   501 153      
Local 600 - Dearborn Engine & Fuel Tank            
Local 600 -Dearborn Diversified            
Local 600 - Dearborn Stamping** 1,690 743 251      
Local 600 - Dearborn Tool & Die            
Local 182 - Livonia Transmission 2,640 988 479   286 68
Local 931 - Allen Park   129 37   48 7
Local 898 - Rawsonville   260 79   91 44
Local 400 - Romeo Engine            
Local 228 - Sterling Axle 2,205 607 573   264 70
Local 2280 - Van Dyke Transmission 1,030 363 157   200 54
Local 387 - Woodhaven Forging   28 4   26 2
Local 387 - Woodhaven Stamping   162 48   94 36
Local 897 - Buffalo Stamping 1,010 319 204   196 93
Local 1250 - Cleveland Engine 1 1,600 579 475   76 84
Local 1219 Lima Engine 1,380 380 477   112 57
Local 863 - Sharonville Transmission 1,590 503 422   205 138
Local 509 - Rancho Cucamonga            
Local 76 - Sacramento HVC/HCC            
Local 186 - Denver HVC            
Local 376 - Hartford HVC            
Local 788 - Lakeland HVC            
Local 882 - Atlanta HVC            
Local 862 - Indianapolis HVC            
Local 249 - Kansas City HVC   84.9%        
Local 600 -- Brownstown Complex and Livonia PDC   353 139   22 18
Local 600 - Detroit HVC, Brownstown Township            
Local 723 - River Rasin            
Local 600 - Warranty PRC            
Local 2210 - New York HVC, Cranbury            
Local 3520 - Greensboro HVC            
Local 492.- Portland HVC            
Local 3036 - Memphis HVC/HCC/LVLC            
Local 870 - Fort Worth HVC            
Local 864 - Houston HVC            
Local 3519 - Washington DC HVC, Winchester            
Local 879 - Twin Cities HVC, Menomonie            
TOTAL 55,094 17,040 14,793   3,256 1,713
Percentage breakdown   53.5% 46.5%   65.5% 34.5%
* Estimate
** Includes Production and Skilled Trades, but no breakdown available

GM local vote

The UAW released the final vote on Friday evening, Oct. 24 -- Yes: 20,279 | No: 17,489

Reporting, sorted by most recent:

Local 292 -- Kokomo -- Yes: 56 | No: 171


Local 2209 -- Ft. Wayne -- Yes: 1,867 | No: 1,808

Local 276 - Arlington -- Yes: 2,596 | No: 811

Local 602 - Lansing Delta Township -- Yes: 810 | No: 1,090

Local 167 - GMCH Grand Rapids -- Yes: 269 | No: 397

Local 31 - Fairfax -- Yes: 907 | No: 873

Local 774 - Tonawanda Engine -- Yes: 579 | No: 603

Local 651 - Davison Road Processing Center -- Yes: 340 | No: 571

Local 1112 - Lordstown -- Yes: 61 | No: 412

Local 2250 - Wentzville -- Yes: 2,115 | No: 1,185

Local 440 - Bedford Casting -- Yes: 256 | No: 391

Local 163 - Romulus -- Yes: 616 | No: 448

Local 1753 - Lansing Redistribution Center -- Yes: 75 | No: 89

Local 977 - Marion Metal Center -- Yes: 453 | No: 303

Local 22 - Detroit-Hamtramck -- Yes: 494 | No: 516

Local 659 -- Flint Processing Center, Flint Metal Center, Flint Engine, Flint Tool & Die -- Yes: 1,060 | No: 516

Local 211 - Definance, Ohio -- Yes: 315 | No: 113

Local 1005 - Parma Metal Center -- Yes: 438 | No: 404

Local 362 - Bay City -- Yes: 235 | No: 129

Local 686 -- GMCH Lockport -- Yes: 234 | No: 857

Local 2164 - Bowling Green -- Yes: 393 | No: 487

Local 653 - Pontiac -- Yes: 690 | No: 288

Local 598 - Flint -- Yes: 2,460 | No: 1,577

Local 652 - Lansing Regional Stamping, GR Stamping, Assembly -- Yes: 1,069 | No: 362

Local 14 - Toledo Transmission -- Yes: 1,134 | No: 282

Local 1853 - Spring Hill -- Yes: 1,666 | No: 1,673

Local 668 - Saginaw Metal Casting (371 combined votes) -- Yes: 75% production | 73% skilled trades

Local 160 - Warren Tech Center -- Yes: 883 | No: 120
* Estimate

  VOTING
    Production   Skilled trades workers
GM PLANTS / FACILITIES Hourly employees Yes No   Yes No
Local 276- Arlington 5,078 2,425 698   171 113
Local 2164 - Bowling Green   348 437   45 50
Local 22- Detroit-Hamtramck 729 449 134   45 12
Local 31 - Fairfax 2,198 777 798   130 75
Local 598 - Flint 4,800 2,281 1,496   179 81
Local 2209 Ft. Wayne 4,231 1,675 1,699   192 109
Local 602 -Lansing DT Assembly 2,350 717 1,031   93 59
Local 652 - Lansing Regional Stamping, GR Stamping, Assembly   900 308   169 54
Local 1112 - Lordstown (unallocated)   53 399   8 13
Local 5960 - Orion            
Local 1853 Spring Hill   1,486 1,527   180 146
Local 2250 - Wentzville   1,913 1,098   202 87
Local 163 - Romulus   516 389   100 59
Local 160 - Warren Tech Center   144 33   739 128
Local 668 - Saginaw Metal Casting*   75%     73%  
Local 14 - Toledo Transmission   995 247   139 35
Local 774 - Tonawanda Engine   495 476   84 127
Local 239 - Baltimore (unallocated)            
Local 909 - Warren Transmisison (unallocated)            
Local 977 - Marion Metal Center   266 224   187 79
Local 1005 - Parma Metal Center   294 293   144 111
Local 362 - Bay City   153 91   82 38
Local 211 - Defiance   216 59   99 54
Local 653 - Pontiac Redistribution Center | Medical Center   396 219   294 69
Local 167 GMCH Grand Rapids   200 341   69 56
Local 292 - GMCH Kokomo   32 128   24 43
Local 686 GMCH Lockport   176 767   55 90
Local 55 GMCH Lockport            
Local 1097 GMCH Rochester   91 455   19 71
Local 174 - Brownstown            
Local 440 - Bedford Casting   184 313   72 78
Local 651 - Davison Road Processing Center   334 559   6 12
Local 1590 Martinsburg Parts Distribution Center            
Local 2177 Philadelphia Parts Distribution Center            
Local 659 Flint Processing Center, Flint Metal Center, Flint Engine, Flint Tool & Die   707 348   353 168
Local 2162- Reno Parts Distribution Center            
Local 2404-- Charlotte Parts Distribution Center            
Local 2402-- Jackson Parts Distribution Center            
Local 6645-- Fontana ACDelco Parts Dist. Center/West Bulk Center            
Local 6645-- Rancho Cucamonga Parts Distribution Center            
Local 2406-- Memphis ACDelco Parts Distribution Center / Bulk Center            
Local 722-- Hudson Parts Distribution Center            
Local 174-- Willow Run Redistribution Center # 58            
Local 1753- Lansing Redistribution Center   68 84   7 5
Local 2114 -- Chicago Parts Distribution Center            
Local 674-- Cincinnati Parts Distribution Center            
Local 431-- Denver Parts Distribution Center            
Local 696-- West Chester Processing Center            
Local 816 -- Fort Worth Parts Distribution Center            
TOTAL 47,422 19,228 15,386   4,051 2,103
Percentage breakdown   55.5% 44.5%   65.8% 34.2%
* Estimate

Key issues

Ford expects the cost of health insurance for its 55,000 hourly workers in the U.S. to top $1 billion for the first time in 2020.

The U.S. auto market, while still healthy, has been contracting. Meanwhile, electric powertrains threaten to upend the workforce landscape for all automakers and health care costs threaten the profitability of businesses across America. It is in this environment that the UAW and Detroit 3 will negotiate a new four-year deal.

Learn more about the Health Care issue »

Learn more about the Temporary Workers issue »

Learn more about the Investment issue »

Learn more about the Tiered Wages issue »

Data Points

Contract highlights and lowlights

Major changes in recent UAW contracts with the Detroit 3

2007
■ Retiree health care shifted to VEBA
■ 2-tier wage schedule created, eliminating pensions for new hires
■ Wage increases replaced by lump-sum bonuses

2009 (reopening of 2007 contract)
■ Jobs Bank eliminated
■ Right to strike forfeited through 2015
■ Health coverage cut back

2011
■ 2nd-tier pay increased
■ Profit-sharing formula changed
■ Job-creation investments and insourcing of work from Mexico promised

2015
■ Wages increased
■ Newly hired workers given path to full wages
■ No overtime after 8 hours a day, only after 40 hours a week.
■ No reinstatements of a cost of living allowance

 
 
 
 
 

Key Players

"We are preparing for a conflict, and we are choosing to rely upon ourselves rather than rely on the goodwill of others."
-- UAW President Gary Jones

"You could essentially shut down all of Ford with a couple of engine plants or a couple of transmission plants. It would really hit the volume sweet spot."
-- Jeff Schuster, president of global forecasting, LMC Automotive

Electric vehicles, which lack complex components such as multispeed transmissions or exhaust and fuel systems, require fewer labor hours. The UAW believes 35,000 or more of its members jobs are at risk because of EVs.

"There's a move toward electric and self-driving cars and a need to innovate and come up with this new technology and find the best way to do that. From the company side, this is big. From the worker side, they want some stability. They're afraid their plants are going to be shut down and they're going to lose their jobs. I think this is the biggest concern of workers in the UAW at this point, that the industry is heading toward another downturn." -- Josh Murray, an assistant professor of sociology at Vanderbilt University.

General Motors
Terry DittesTerry Dittes
UAW-GM VP

Dittes will enter negotiations after being appointed a vice president in January 2018. He was originally chosen to oversee the union's Fiat Chrysler department following the retirement of Norwood Jewell, who has since been charged and pleaded guilty in an ongoing corruption scandal. The following June, Dittes was re-elected at the union's bargaining convention and tapped to run the GM department.

Gerald JohnsonGerald Johnson
GM VP, global manufacturing

Johnson was appointed to his current title in April. He leads GM's global manufacturing operations, manufacturing engineering and labor relations organizations. He was previously vice president of North American manufacturing and labor relations.

Ford
Rory GambleRory Gamble
UAW-Ford VP

Gamble, a UAW veteran, enters his first round of negotiations as a vice president following the retirement of longtime UAW-Ford VP Jimmy Settles. Before his current role, he served three terms as director of UAW Region 1A. He was on the UAW-Ford national negotiating team in both 1998 and 2003, according to the union.

Bill DirksenBill Dirksen
Ford VP, labor affairs

Dirksen has held his current role since January 2014, leading the company's negotiations during the last round of contract talks. He's responsible for global labor policy and negotiations covering Ford's approximately 140,000 union employees. Additionally, he is responsible for hourly employee health care management and the company's collective bargaining with unions worldwide, according to Ford.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Cindy EstradaCindy Estrada
UAW-FCA VP

Estrada, the union's top-ranking female official, will oversee negotiations with Fiat Chrysler for the first time this year after previously leading the union's General Motors department. She was first elected UAW vice president in 2010 and assigned to direct the union's independents, parts and supplier/competitive shop department; public sector and health care servicing department and women's department.

Glenn ShagenaGlenn Shagena
FCA VP, head of employee relations

Shagena has served in his current position since 2015. He's the lead representative for a number of functions, including labor relations; integrated health care & disability; retirement & savings; manufacturing HR/ER; occupational safety & health; FCA Mexico & FCA Canada HR/ER; labor economics & benefit finance; & the UAW-Chrysler National Training Center.