Toyota introduces the redesigned, fourth-generation 1993 Toyota Supra sports car during a press viewing on May 12, 1993, in Detroit.
The latest Supra became the first Toyota Division vehicle to feature standard driver- and passenger-side airbags.
The car, dubbed the Supra Mark IV, arrived with supercar aspirations -- shorter, lower and wider than its predecessor. The base 3.0-liter inline-six made 220 hp, while the 320 hp sequential twin-turbo engine was the most powerful ever put under the hood of a Toyota-badged vehicle. The turbo could reach 60 mph in less than five seconds.
Toyota adopted sweeping design and engineering changes to reduce the weight of the 1993 Supra. Aluminum was used for the hood, targa top, front crossmember, oil and transmission pans, and the suspension upper A-arms. Other weight-reducing steps included hollow carpet fibers, a magnesium-alloy steering wheel, a plastic fuel tank and lid, gas injected rear spoiler and a single-pipe exhaust.
Despite more safety features such as dual airbags and traction control, as well as larger brakes, wheels and tires and an additional turbo engine, the car was at least 200 pounds lighter than its predecessor.
The first-generation Supra, a 1979 model, was largely based on the Toyota Celica liftback, but was longer. The 1979 Supra’s doors and rear section were shared with the Celica but the front panels were elongated to accommodate an inline-six engine instead of the stock Celica’s four-cylinder engine.
Z car rival
Toyota’s original plan for the Supra was to design and engineer a competitor to the popular Datsun -- now Nissan – Z car.
The first-generation Supra's 110-hp 2.6-liter inline-six engine was the first Toyota production engine to be equipped with electronic fuel injection. The Supra was available with a five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission, and came standard with four-wheel-independent suspension and disc brakes at all corners.
The Supra was dropped from Toyota’s U.S. lineup after the 1998 model year and output ended in Japan in 2002.
Toyota, under a product development partnership with BMW, is readying a successor to the Supra that is expected to go on sale in 2018.