DETROIT -- Automotive supplier Delphi Automotive plans to spin off operations tied to internal combustion engines and focus on technology for electrically powered and self-driving vehicles, boosting its share price and highlighting the challenges for legacy auto industry players.
Vehicles driven by humans and powered with petroleum will dominate roads from Shanghai to San Francisco for years to come, but investors who supply the capital to produce such vehicles are signaling a belief that after a century-long run, internal combustion cars are a sunset industry.
The most dramatic symbol of this turn is electric luxury car maker Tesla Inc's ascent this year to a higher market capitalization than either Ford Motor Co or General Motors. Despite a recent slump in U.S. sales, the Detroit giants are robustly profitable, while Tesla has yet to earn a full-year profit.
Delphi shares rose as much as 12 percent on Wednesday after the company announced its plan to separate into two entities - one dedicated to internal combustion technology and the other focused on electrification and automation.
“There’s a whole element of the componentry of the car that Wall Street values at a lower level,” Delphi CEO Kevin Clark told Reuters in an interview on Wednesday.
Other big auto suppliers are making similar calls. German auto supplier Robert Bosch earlier this week said it had sold its starters and alternators business to a Chinese mining company.
Germany's Rheinmetall also tried to float its Kolbenschmidt Pierburg unit, which is specialized in the development, manufacture and aftermarket supply of pistons, engine blocks, and plain bearings back in 2012. However, it was forced to call off the IPO due to a market slump and a lack of investor enthusiasm for a stock with heavy exposure to combustion engine technology, bankers said.
Combustion engines are taking a hit from regulators, particularly those in Europe and China, who want to slash greenhouse gas and smog forming emissions on a fast timetable. That risk was exacerbated by Volkswagen’s diesel emissions scandal. As a result of the automaker’s diesel emissions scandal, politicians in cities like Stuttgart have discussed banning diesel vehicles from the inner city, leading customers to abandon diesel cars.
On Wednesday, German car registration figures provided by Germany’s KBA federal motor authority, showed that demand for diesel engine vehicles plunged by 19 percent in April, to a market share of 41.3 percent of overall registrations.
Delphi’s Clark said he expects diesel production to decline by about 3 percent a year for the next few years.
China’s government has also set aggressive targets for electric vehicles that are forcing carmakers to accelerate electric vehicle plans.
Room to grow
U.S. auto supplier Visteon, like Delphi, has shed most of its traditional car parts making operations, and is focused on connected vehicle technology and infotainment.
Clark said Delphi's powertrain business, which has about $4.5 billion in annual revenues and does not yet have a name, has room to grow. The company will have more freedom to invest in that growth as its managers no longer have to compete for capital with opportunities presented by the increasing computerization of cars, Clark said.
The powertrain company, which accounted for about 27 percent of Delphi revenues last year, also could seize opportunities to consolidate other players in the legacy market, capitalizing on the continued demand for internal combustion and the regulatory pressure to make them cleaner, a person familiar with Delphi's strategy said.
Analysts on Wednesday estimated Delphi’s powertrain business will be valued at six to seven times earnings before interest and taxes, while the electronic and autonomous technology side of the company will likely command a higher valuation.
The electronic Delphi - which also could get a new name - will compete in a potential market the company estimates at more than $100 billion a year, nearly twice the size of the internal combustion market. Delphi said its electronic systems units had about $12 billion in revenue last year.
But the market of the future is still largely in the future. Most established car makers, for instance, have not adopted over the air software upgrades on a mass scale, and depend entirely on internal combustion engine cars and sport utilities for profits.
Clark said over the next three to five years demand will accelerate for high speed in-vehicle data networking systems, autonomous driving technology and over the air software updates. Delphi has acquired a company that enables over the air software updates, as well as a company that develops high speed data networks. Clark said Delphi could make more acquisitions to expand its electronic systems capability, or forge more partnerships.
Delphi has partnerships through its autonomous vehicle business with Intel Corp and Israeli autonomous vehicle technology firm Mobileye, which is being bought by Intel for $15.3 billion.
"If we can do more things like that" the Mobileye-Intel partnership, "that would be great," Clark said.
Delphi is betting that many automakers will ultimately opt to buy a standard system rather than invest in one-of-a-kind systems of their own. Delphi said it expects to launch its turnkey autonomous driving system with a customer in 2019.
The spinoff will be tax free and is expected to be completed by March 2018, Delphi said.