Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman, who founded Lotus, the small British engineering company that built small, nimble cars, died of a heart attack on Dec. 16, 1982, at age 54.
Chapman studied structural engineering at University College in London, graduating in 1949. He also served in the Royal Air Force.
Chapman built his first race car in 1948, which would be known as the Mark 1 Lotus.
The company was founded in 1948, followed by the creation of Lotus Engineering in 1952.
Lotus’ first series production car was the Mark 6, with over 100 made.
In 1954, Team Lotus was created and saw racing success with the Mark 8.
The company and Chapman continued to focus on advancing the race car and reached the pinnacle of racing, Formula 1, in 1958.