It's now a month since Volkswagen's diesel emissions test scandal broke publicly, and the resulting turmoil at the company shows no signs of abating, with new financial setbacks, investigations, management changes and regulatory actions.
Among last week's developments:
n Volkswagen said it will recall 8.5 million vehicles across Europe after German authorities rejected the company's proposal for voluntary repairs to cars fitted with illegal software designed to foil emissions tests.
n Winfried Vahland, who was tapped just weeks ago to lead VW's new North America business group, decided to leave the automaker instead.
n Volkswagen Group said it will cut investment spending at the VW brand by 1 billion euros ($1.1 billion) a year and launch an all-electric Phaeton sedan as the brand's flagship as part of a new focus on electrification and long-range plug-in vehicles.
n New CEO Matthias Mueller said VW has a good chance of recovering from the scandal in two to three years and reaffirmed key elements of a strategic plan drawn up by predecessor Martin Winterkorn that would shift more power to regions and brands.
n Standard & Poor's cut Volkswagen AG's credit rating by a notch, saying the cheating scandal points to management weaknesses that may lead to a further debt downgrade.
n The U.S. Federal Trade Commission, which probes allegations of deceptive advertising claims, joined the Justice Department and the EPA in investigating Volkswagen. VW began pulling its TDI ads after the scandal broke in late September.
n VW appointed Daimler AG's compliance manager, Christine Hohmann-Dennhardt, 65, as its board member for integrity and legal affairs, effective Jan. 1.
n Paramount Pictures and actor Leonardo DiCaprio's production company acquired movie rights to a proposed book about the VW scandal by New York Times journalist Jack Ewing.