Editor's note: In an earlier version of this story, Central Michigan University said it was unable to locate any record that Ray DeGiorgio had attended or received a degree from the school. The story has been updated to reflect that CMU has located records of DeGiorgio’s master’s degree. CMU didn’t say when the degree was awarded.
DETROIT -- General Motors' investigation into its mishandling of a fatal defect spreads blame among dozens of employees at various levels, but it bluntly says the problem began -- and remained unfixed for years -- largely because of "a single engineer."
The report condemns GM's infamously slow-moving bureaucracy and lack of individual accountability, while also explaining how one relatively low-level employee can precipitate a crisis that now threatens to cost the automaker billions of dollars.
The engineer, Ray DeGiorgio, who has been fired, approved an ignition switch that he knew to be flimsy, secretly authorized changing it years later, then "misled" coworkers who were looking into crashes and customer complaints, the inquiry found. DeGiorgio, a 23-year GM veteran, is mentioned 207 times in the 325-page report by former federal prosecutor Anton Valukas, including in the very first sentence.
He is one of 15 employees dismissed by GM over what CEO Mary Barra last week called a "pattern of misconduct and incompetence." DeGiorgio's poor judgment, subpar engineering work and apparently dreadful memory are directly blamed for "catastrophic results," including 13 deaths that GM has linked to failures of a switch he designed with little oversight.
Ironically, DeGiorgio also may have saved some lives by ultimately fixing the part he had once called "the switch from hell." But the way he did so also delayed detection of the defect, as deaths and injuries in Chevrolet Cobalts and Saturn Ions continued to mount.
"He actually changed the ignition switch to solve the problem in later model years of the Cobalt, but failed to document it, told no one, and claimed to remember nothing about the change," Valukas wrote. The report says DeGiorgio made a "deliberate" decision to keep the part number unchanged, "an act that violated GM's policies and which would throw GM investigators off the track for years."
DeGiorgio, who was suspended with pay for two months before being fired, hasn't spoken publicly since the recall and couldn't be reached for comment last week.
The Valukas report says there is "no question" that DeGiorgio, the switch's design release engineer since 1999, knew it fell short of GM's specifications when he approved it in 2002. DeGiorgio, 61, told investigators who interviewed him in March and over two days in May that he didn't realize it was a safety risk because it worked without incident during testing.
There's no evidence that anyone else knew the switch was out-of-spec at the time, the report says; neither did DeGiorgio divulge that fact when issues with the part were brought to his attention multiple times, even when directly asked.