Chevy Spark EV rated at 119 mpg with 82-mile range
DETROIT -- General Motors says its Chevrolet Spark EV will get the equivalent of 119 mpg in combined city and highway driving, the best efficiency of any U.S. car sold to retail buyers.
The 2014 Spark EV, which will be launched this summer in California and Oregon, will have an EPA-rated range of 82 miles when fully charged, GM said in a statement.
Other EVs sold or slated for introduction in the United States include the Nissan Leaf, Fiat 500e, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Scion iQ EV, Honda Fit EV and the Focus Electric.
The Scion iQ EV is EPA rated at the equivalent of 121 mpg but is used only in car-sharing demonstration programs and not sold at retailers, a Scion spokesman said. The EPA created the mpg equivalency rating to help consumers compare the efficiency of gasoline-powered and electric vehicles.
The Fiat 500e, which Chrysler Group is launching this month in California, has a longer range than the Spark EV, at 87 miles. The Leaf, the top-selling pure EV, has a 73-mile range.
GM has said the Spark EV will be priced less than $25,000 with tax incentives. Spark EV buyers will qualify for a $7,500 federal tax credit, which signals a sticker in the low $30,000s.
GM also is launching Spark EV in Canada, South Korea and Europe. The company will consider selling the car in other U.S. regions, a spokeswoman says.
GM says the Spark EV will be the first with an optional combination charger to handle DC Fast Charging, a soon-to-be-introduced technology that can recharge as much as 80 percent of the car's battery capacity in 20 minutes.
A full charge using a 240-volt charging station takes seven hours. Charging the car with the standard 120-volt outlet takes about twice as long.
Zippy urban car
Chevrolet will market the Spark EV as a zippy urban commuter car. It will cover 0 to 60 mph in less than 8 seconds and include as standard a Chevy MyLink infotainment system with several smartphone-based applications.
GM says the Spark EV can save as much as $9,000 in operating costs over five years vs. an average gasoline-powered vehicle.
The car is powered by a GM-built electric motor combined with a 560-pound lithium ion battery pack. It will deliver 130 hp and 400 pounds-feet of torque.
Pam Fletcher, GM executive chief engineer for electrified vehicles, said in a statement: "We're poised to deliver to the market an EV that's not just efficient, but also thrilling to drive thanks to the 400 lb.-ft. torque output of its electric motor."
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