It was supposed to be the decade of prosperity.
At the turn of 2000, the Dow had just soared past 11,000 -- fresh off a 21 percent rise in less than one year.
U.S. light-vehicle sales were the highest in history, nearly cracking 17 million units. GM's stock was at $72 a share, and its market share was 29.4 percent. Gasoline was $1.26 a gallon, and everybody was pushing highly profitable SUVs.
Said Pierre Gagnon, Mitsubishi America's COO: "It's a great time to be in the auto industry."
It didn't quite end that way.
A decade later, it is an industry that is repositioned, recast and retooled -- mostly in the last two years.
The Big 3 became the Detroit 3. Suppliers went out of business. China became a power player. The UAW gave back. And two car companies went bankrupt.
It was nothing short of historic. It was anything but a prosperous ending.
As the decade closes, here's a look back at 10 things that shaped a momentous decade in the industry.