No automaker escaped the impact of Europe's worst sales month this year.
Every auto group lost volume in October compared with a year earlier. New-car sales plunged 14.5 percent to 1.13 million units.
On a percentage basis, August's 15.4 percent drop was slightly higher. But October's loss of 193,000 units was substantially more than the 150,000-unit decline in August, traditionally Europe's slowest-selling month.
October's biggest losers were the world's largest auto groups: Toyota Motor Corp., off 23.6 percent, and General Motors, down 25.2 percent.
After 10 months in 2007, GM was No. 3 in Europe, but it now trails Ford Motor Co. by 28,000 units. Toyota lost the No. 7 spot to BMW, the only major European auto group to eke out a gain through the first 10 months.
Through October, combined industry sales are off 5.4 percent. It was the sixth consecutive monthly loss after a modest gain during the first four months of the year.
So far this year, the European market is down almost three-quarters of a million vehicles, at 12.85 million.
And this year, central Europe's so-called new EU isn't strong enough to carry the larger developed markets of Western Europe. In 2007, the 12 countries that joined the European Union since 2004 gained 14.5 percent. That accounted for nearly all of Europe's 1.1 percent sales growth last year.
But this year, the new EU is up by less than 25,000 units, not enough to offset big losses in three of the top five Western European markets: the United Kingdom, Italy and Spain.