The engine joint venture between PSA/Peugeot-Citroen SA and Ford Motor Co. had pedestrian safety in mind when it designed the new 2.2-liter diesel engine family.
The cylinder head of the PSA-Ford diesel was built 1.6 inches lower to improve protection for pedestrians struck by a vehicle.
Also, the engine now is mounted vertically to provide improved crush space in front of the cylinder block.
The automakers acknowledge that they considered minimizing pedestrian injuries when designing the engine.
Under European legislation intended to protect pedestrians, automakers must ensure greater clearance between the hood and mechanical hard points underneath that could injure people during a collision.