European automakers plan to extend their U.S. product lines in two directions - small cars and SUVs.
Audi, BMW and Mercedes-Benz plan new entry-level models. The vehicles will be marketed as premium small cars aimed at buyers willing to sacrifice space to get into a luxury brand.
Europeans also are developing a wider range of SUVs. For example, Volkswagen will add two SUVs and possibly stretch the Touareg.
Some are also adding expensive, higher-horsepower vehicles. Volvo will offer its first eight-cylinder engine, and 12 cylinders will become more commonplace for other automakers.
In this final installment of Automotive News' five-part future product series, we cover the U.S. product plans of Europe's automakers from 2004 to 2008. The information was collected from automaker and industry sources.
|Aston Martin||DB9 coupe debuts||2-passenger Vantage debuts||Possible Lagonda sedan|
|DB9 convertible debuts|
|Audi||A6 redesigned||A3 hatchback, Le Mans quattro sports car debut||TT Coupe redesigned||TT Roadster redesigned|
|A4 redesigned||Pikes Peak, A6 wagons debut|
|Possible A6 coupe|
|Bentley||Continental GT coupe debuted||Continental GT sedan debuts||Possible Continental GT convertible|
|Arnage freshened||Possible Arnage redesign (or 2007)|
|BMW||6-series coupe, convertible debuted||3-series sedan redesigned||Entry-level 1 series debuts|
|X3 debuted||Possible Z4 coupe||3-series coupe, wagon, X5 redesigned|
|5-series wagon debuts||3-series convertible redesigned (or 2007)|
|Possible minivans debut (or 2007)|
|Ferrari||612 Scaglietti debuts||360 Modena freshened and renamed 420 Modena||575M Maranello coupe replacement debuts||575M Maranello convertible replacement debuts (or 2008)|
|Jaguar||X-Type wagon, long wheelbase XJ debut||XK redesigned||S-Type redesigned||X-Type redesigned|
|Lamborghini||Murcielago roadster debuts||Gallardo roadster debuts||Murcielago redesigned (or 2009)|
|Land Rover||LR3 debuts||Range Rover Sport redesigned||Freelander redesigned||Defender redesigned (or 2009)|
|Lotus||Elise roadster debuts||Possible GT coupe (or 2007)|
|Maserati||Quattroporte sedan debuts||Coupe, spyder redesigned|
|Maybach||Possible smaller model|
|Mercedes-Benz||C class freshened||B class 5-door, CLS sedan, R class wagon debut||Smart ForMore four-door debuts||Smart ForTwo two-door, convertible debut (or 2008)|
|SLR McLaren 2-passenger coupe debuts||S class, M class redesigned||C class wagon redesigned (or 2008)|
|C class sedan, CL, G class redesigned||CLK coupe redesigned|
|Possible E class freshening||CLK convertible redesigned (or 2008)|
|Mini||Mini convertible debuts||Mini redesign (or 2007)|
|Porsche||911 Carrera redesigned||Boxster convertible redesigned||911 line redesign completed||Possible sedan|
|Carrera GT debuted||Boxster coupe debuts (or 2006)|
|Rolls-Royce||Phantom convertible debut (or 2007)|
|Saab||9-2X wagon debuted||9-3 hatchback debuts||9-8X sport wagon debuts||9-5 sedan redesigned|
|9-5 freshened||9-7X SUV debuts|
|Volkswagen||Passat sedan, Jetta, Golf GTI redesigned||Passat wagon, Golf redesigned||Small sport wagon debuts||Possible minivan|
|New Beetle reskinned||Concept C convertible debuts||Mid-sized sport wagon debuts (or 2008)|
|Volvo||XC50 wagon debuts||S80 restyled, re-engineered||Possible V30 wagon (or 2008)||Possible C30 hatchback|
|C70 coupe redesigned||Possible V90 wagon debut||XC70 redesigned|
|S40/V50 freshening (or 2008)|
Vantage: The two-seat Aston Martin will have a sticker price near $100,000 when it comes to the United States in 2006. The car will be based on a concept introduced at the 2003 Detroit auto show.
Aston Martin's DB9 platform will be shortened to create the Vantage. The car's 4.3-liter V-8 engine will be borrowed from Jaguar and mated to the ZF six-speed automatic transmission used in the DB9. Some of the chassis components will be made from aluminum and composites.
DB9: The DB7 replacement is arriving in U.S. showrooms. Ford Motor Co. says the DB9's bonded aluminum platform will be used only on Aston Martin vehicles.
The four-passenger, DB9 coupe is equipped with a V-12 engine that is mated to a six-speed automatic. The wheelbase is 4 inches longer than the DB7's, providing more space for rear-seat passengers.
A convertible will be added to the U.S. lineup in 2006.
Vanquish: The supercharged V-12 sports car will receive engineering upgrades this fall, possibly pushing horsepower to 510. Braking and chassis improvements also are slated.
Lagonda: Aston Martin CEO Ulrich Bez says work has not started on an Aston Martin sedan, but he thinks there is a market for such a car. If Aston Martin can prove the marque is profitable with the DB9 and Vantage, expect a sedan in 2008.
A3: Audi's product line receives a major overhaul and expansion in the next nine months, including the addition of an entry-level model, the A3.
The A3 is a five-door hatchback - smaller than the A4. The front-drive A3 Sportback arrives here in May, equipped with a turbocharged 200-hp, 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine.
The A3 shares a chassis and some powertrain parts with the redesigned Volkswagen Golf, which arrives here in May 2006.
Audi expects the A3 to compete here with premium compacts such as the Mini Cooper, Saab 9-2X and Volvo S40. Audi will offer an A3 with a 250-hp, 3.2-liter V-6 and quattro awd in 2006.
A4: The redesigned A4 goes on sale here in February. The car will feature the new face of Audi - a tall, single frame grille, inspired by the Nuvolari and Le Mans quattro concepts.
The 2005 Audi A6, due in October or November, is longer and wider than its predecessor.
North America will receive the 255-hp, 3.2-liter V-6 and 335-hp, 4.2-liter V-8. A wagon and a possible coupe are expected in 2006.
A8 L: The flagship sedan adds a 450-hp, 6.0-liter 12-cylinder engine this fall in an effort to compete with the BMW 7 series and Mercedes-Benz S class. The model will be called the A8 L W12 and carry the new grille.
TT: The redesigned TT Coupe will arrive in 2006, followed by the TT Roadster in 2007. A radical styling departure is not expected. The redesigned TT is expected to be much larger, inside and out.
The Audi Le Mans is expected to go into production next year with a V-10.
V-10 engine developed 610 hp and 533 pounds-feet of torque.
Allroad quattro: May be dropped in 2006 when the Pikes Peak quattro goes on sale.
Pikes Peak: The long-awaited wagon arrives here in early 2006, equipped with Audi's 4.2-liter V-8. The vehicle's design is drawn from the Pikes Peak quattro concept unveiled at the 2003 Detroit auto show.
The wagon shares a platform with the Volks-wagen Touareg and Porsche Cayenne. Audi's version will be stretched to accommodate three rows of seats.
Audi may not name the car Pikes Peak, instead opting for a more Audi-like name, such as A7.
Continental GT: The $156,000 all-wheel-drive coupe went on sale this spring and is sold out through 2005. The Continental GT, developed using parts from the Volkswagen Phaeton and Audi A8, is equipped with a 560-hp twin-turbo V-12 engine.
The sedan will go on sale in 2005 but not early in the year as expected because of strong demand for the coupe.
The sedan is expected to be built on a stretched version of the coupe platform and share styling cues.
A convertible could debut in 2006.
Arnage: The big sedan received a freshening this year. The current vehicle has been in production since 1998.
A sedan concept will be unveiled at the Geneva auto show in April. A vehicle based on the concept could go into production in 2006 or 2007.
1 series: BMW's entry-level line debuts in Europe this fall, starting with a five-door hatchback. BMW says a different body style is likely for the United States when the vehicle debuts here in 2006.
The 1-series lineup is expected to eventually include a three-door hatchback, sedan, convertible, station wagon and coupe. A four-door sedan could be the first vehicle for the United States. It would have a six-cylinder engine.
3 series: A redesigned sedan is due in 2005. Since it no longer will be BMW's entry-level car, expect a significant price increase to create a slot for the 1 series.
While a redesign is planned, the 3-series exterior won't be as radically changed as the 5 and 7 series. Also, BMW has killed the idea of calling the two-door version of the 3 series the 4 series.
Insiders say the 3 series will feature a new lightweight 3.0-liter six-cylinder engine.
A coupe and station wagon are likely in 2006, followed by an M3 version with a 4.0-liter V-8 in 2007. The convertible version is possible in 2006 or 2007.
Z4: Sales of the roadster have slowed substantially since its debut nearly two years ago. A coupe version is possible next year to spark sales.
5 series: The redesigned 5 series debuted last fall with higher prices because of the addition of standard features.
A station wagon is expected next year followed by an M high-performance model. The M5 will feature a new 507-hp, 5.0-liter V-10 engine mated to a seven-speed automatic gearbox.
6 series: The convertible and coupe debuted in March as 2004 models. An M version could arrive as early as spring, equipped with the same 5.0-liter V-10 engine and seven-speed automatic transmission as the M5.
X3: The SUV went on sale in February as a 2004 model, positioned below the X5. No major changes are expected in the coming years.
X5: A redesign is planned in 2006. The new version will be larger to further differentiate it from the X3. A third-row seat may be offered.
Minivan: BMW is working on minivan-like vehicles that could be offered in three sizes, using the 3-, 5- and 7-series platforms. It is unclear whether the 3 series-based vehicle would be marketed in the United States. Sales may begin here in 2006 or 2007.
612 Scaglietti: Sales of the 456GT replacement begin this fall. The new 2+2 coupe will have considerably more interior space and use aluminum extensively to reduce weight. It will be equipped with a 6.0-liter 12-cylinder engine and a paddle-shift, six-speed automatic transmission.
575M Maranello: The replacement coming in 2006 may be called the 600 Imola. The coupe will be a little larger than the Maranello and is expected to share the Scaglietti's engine. A convertible is expected in 2007 or 2008.
360 Modena: The freshening for the mid-engined Modena is expected in 2005 when the car receives a new engine, a 4.2-liter V-8. It will be renamed the 420 Modena.
The Jaguar X-Type all-wheel-drive wagon will have a 3.0-liter V-6 engine.
A redesign for the X-Type is slated for 2008, but the platform has not been determined.
The current X-Type shares a platform with the Ford Mondeo, a link that has been blamed for hurting Jaguar's image.
At Jaguar there is talk of shrinking the XJ's aluminum, rear-wheel-drive platform to create the redesigned X-Type. But the high cost of that platform and its components would make it difficult to turn a profit on an entry-level Jaguar, they say.
F-Type: There was hope of turning this concept into an affordable roadster to compete against the BMW Z4. Not anymore. With Jaguar bleeding red ink, emphasis is on getting diesel engines in its model lines, not expanding the model line.
S-Type: A redesign is planned for spring 2006. Since it no longer will share a platform with the Lincoln LS, word is that the S-Type will use a scaled-down version of the all-aluminum XJ platform.
XJ: A long wheelbase XJ will be offered this year. The wheelbase will be stretched 5 inches. The roof is raised slightly.
There is talk inside Jaguar of offering a model based on the Concept Eight with a sticker around $100,000. That concept featured 21-inch wheels, a raised ride height and a custom interior.
XK: Jaguar's redesigned flagship will debut next year, based on the XJ platform. A coupe and convertible will be offered, along with a normally aspirated and a supercharged 4.3-liter V-8 engine.
A concept car that is expected to be unveiled at the Detroit auto show in January will show the XK's styling direction. Compared to the current generation XK, the concept's wheelbase will be longer and the overhangs will be shorter.
With the F-Type out of the picture, there is talk about creating a more affordable XK, using a six-cylinder engine.
Murcielago: The mid-engined Murcielago roadster goes on sale in September. The vehicle has a 580-hp, 6.2-liter V-12 engine, producing 479 pounds-feet of torque.
The car carries a $319,250 sticker price.
In all, Lamborghini will produce 250 roadsters and 150 coupes for worldwide sales, of which about 40 percent will be sold in the United States.
A redesign is expected in 2008 or 2009.
Gallardo: A roadster will be added next year.
Defender: The Defender will be redesigned in 2008 or 2009, based on the LR3 platform. The current generation is not sold here, but the successor is expected to come.
Freelander: Freelander production moves to Jaguar's Halewood, England, plant with its 2006 redesign. The Jaguar X-Type is assembled there. The Freelander will be built on a separate line.
The new version will share major components with the Volvo XC50, including a Haldex awd system.
The Land Rover LR3, due this fall, will replace the Discovery.
Range Rover Sport: The redesign, developed on the T5 platform, debuts in 2005. A 4.4-liter V-8 and a supercharged version of that engine will be available. The Sport is targeted at the Porsche Cayenne and BMW X5. It likely will be priced in the mid-$50,000 range.
Range Rover: No major changes expected.
Elise: After an absence of nearly 30 years, the British sports car maker launched a mid-engine roadster in the United States this year. The Elise costs $40,780 with destination, and Lotus expects to import 1,100 cars this year and 2,400 in the fiscal year that runs April 1, 2005, to March 30, 2006.
A coupe derivative called the Exige went on sale in Europe in March and might be sold in the United States in the future.
GT: A 2+2 sports car may go on sale in 2006 or 2007. It would compete with some Porsche and Ferrari models.
Coupe, spyder: A GranSport edition will be added to the range in 2005. The trim has a 4.2-liter V-8 engine and exterior styling with side skirts and a rear spoiler to differentiate it from the coupe and spyder. A redesign is planned in 2006.
The 2005 Maserati Quattroporte sedan goes on sale next month.
Maybach: No major changes are expected in the next couple of years. But with Maybach sales slower than expected, a shorter, less expensive Maybach model based on the next generation S class is possible. It could arrive as early as 2006.
Smart: The first Smart-brand vehicle sold in the United States is due in 2006. Called the ForMore, the small, fwd, four-passenger sport wagon will use some C-class components. The ForMore will be assembled in Brazil and use C-class engines.
The two-passenger FourTwo coupe and convertible sold in Europe will debut here in 2007 or 2008, rounding out the Smart range. The FourTwo models will be based on the second-generation, fwd Smart platform.
Selected Mercedes-Benz dealers will sell Smart vehicles in the United States.
B class: The fwd five-door hatchback based on a stretched A-class platform is due in 2005. The A class will not be sold here.
The B class likely will become Mercedes-Benz's entry-level vehicle here, replacing the C-class hatchback. B-class styling will differ from the A class, Mercedes executives say.
C class: The C class was freshened this summer. The redesigned sedan will debut in 2006 followed by the station wagon in 2007 or 2008. The hatchback model likely won't return to the United States.
CLK: The redesigned coupe is expected in 2007 followed by the convertible in 2007 or 2008. The CLK models are based on the C-class platform.
E class: The mid-sized E class may be freshened in 2006.
S class: The flagship sedan will be redesigned next year, with short- and long-wheelbase models offered. The new S class is expected to be slightly longer and have more interior space than the current car. Diesel and awd offerings are expected.
CL: The coupe, derived from the S-class sedan, is expected to be redesigned in 2006.
Although it has four doors, Mercedes-Benz calls the CLS a coupe because of the sleek greenhouse.
The CLS500 version will be powered by a 302-hp 5.0-liter V-8 engine, mated to a new seven-speed automatic transmission. The CLS55 AMG version will have a supercharged 476-hp, 5.5-liter V-8. An even more powerful CLS65 AMG is due later next year. It will have a twin-turbocharged 6.0-liter V-12 engine with more than 600 hp.
SL: This fall the SL65 adds a 6.0-liter twin-turbo V-12 engine with 604 hp. A redesign is slated after 2008.
SLR McLaren: The exotic, two-passenger, gull wing sports coupe debuts this fall. The SLR McLaren was developed with Formula One racing partner McLaren, which assembles the car in Woking, England. The 617-hp, 5.5-liter V-8 comes from Mercedes-Benz's AMG division. The car sells for $452,500.
Mercedes-Benz will produce only 500 cars annually for seven years. U.S. dealers will get 100 to 120 cars annually.
R class: The GST concept shows the styling direction for the R class, which will be assembled starting next year in Vance, Ala. The awd, sporty wagon will have some of the interior flexibility of a minivan.
The R class will share some components with the redesigned M-class SUV. The six-seat sport wagon will come in two versions: a long-wheelbase model for the United States and a shorter wheelbase for Europe.
The R class is expected to share a platform, powertrain and other parts with the redesigned M class.
M class: The SUV market has changed since the M class debuted in 1997. The redesigned vehicle, due next year, is expected to offer improved interior room and handling. The M class switches from the body-on-frame chassis to a unibody platform. A diesel engine is possible for the United States.
G class: The G class will be redesigned in 2006 and turned in a stylish, passenger-friendly SUV. But it will retain its rugged, off-road capabilities. The current G class was engineered for the military.
While it will share a platform with the R class, the G class will be larger.
Mini: A convertible joins the three-door hatchback lineup this autumn.
The hatchback will be freshened this fall, with new bumpers, tail- lights, gauges and seats. Those changes will be included in the convertible.
The BMW AG brand has promised additional models, but they are unlikely to be developed on the current Mini platform. A new flexible platform for the next-generation Mini is under development and variants are likely to include a station wagon, minivan and two-seat roadster. The redesigned Mini could appear in 2006 or 2007.
Unlike the current car, the redesigned Mini will be totally engineered by BMW. Development of the current car was started by Rover and taken over by BMW.
Boxster: The redesigned Boxster is expected to debut at the Paris auto show in September. The car will retain its two-plus-two seating, but the interior will be roomier. The roadster may be moved upscale to compete with new entries from Mercedes. Sales will begin next year.
A coupe is expected to join the lineup in late 2005 or 2006.
A 10- to 20-hp boost is expected for both models.
911: Porsche's flagship, the 911 Carrera coupe, gets redesigned this fall. Porsche says every panel and piece of skin is new but styling changes from the previous generation are barely perceptible.
The 911 Carrera has a 3.6-liter, 325-hp flat-six engine. A 355-hp S-model Carrera model is being added.
The other 911 models will be redesigned in 2006.
Carrera GT: Production of the $440,000 supercar is sold out through May. U.S. sales began this year. Only 1,500 Carrera GTs will be made, and production will end in May 2006. The 650-hp car has a 5.7-liter V-10 engine.
Cayenne: Porsche is expected to add variants in the coming years, possibly a two-wheel-drive model and a version with a large sliding-glass sunroof.
Sedan: A decision on whether to extend the product line is expected next year. A four-door is one possibility. If approved, Porsche management has said this vehicle will not appear before 2008.
Phantom: The sedan debuted last year; a convertible is expected in 2006 or 2007.
9-2X: The wagon, which went on sale this year, is based on the Impreza WRX.
9-3: A hatchback arrives in fall 2005.
9-5: A mid-cycle freshening is planned for this fall. The redesigned 9-5 sedan will debut in 2008; a wagon may arrive in 2009. Awd models are likely.
The Saab 9-7x, based on the Chevrolet Trailblazer, is due next spring.
9-8X: This seven-passenger sport wagon will debut in 2006. Fuji Heavy Industries will develop the vehicles, and Subaru will have its own version. Instead of 9-8X, it could be called the 9-6X.
Golf: The redesigned, fifth-generation Golf arrives in May 2006. It will be wider and longer than the current model.
Two four-cylinder engines will be offered: a turbocharged 200-hp, 2.0-liter direct-injection engine and a 1.9-liter turbocharged diesel engine that develops 104 hp, up from the current 90 hp.
VW says the direct injection engine increases horsepower and torque, and reduces fuel consumption.
The Golf will also be available with VW's new 150-hp, 2.5-liter five-cylinder engine.
GTI: The redesigned GTI arrives here in October 2005, about seven months before the standard Golf model arrives. VW is trying to create a buzz and woo young enthusiasts with the sportier, more powerful version of the Golf. The GTI will be equipped with the 200-hp, turbocharged 2.0-liter direct-engine engine.
Jetta: The redesigned sedan arrives in February or March 2005. It will share an engine family with the Golf and GTI.
New Beetle: VW is not committed to a redesign. But it has no plans to discontinue the 6-year-old car. One VW product executive has suggested that the New Beetle could be "a one-cycle car" that goes well beyond the traditional product life cycle.
For the short term, VW will give the exterior a re-skin and revamp the interior. That car will arrive in November 2005. Designers will not change the overall shape, but they will tweak the fenders - get a little bit tighter to create more tension in the vehicle. Expect a new look for the headlights and taillights.
Concept C: VW introduced the four-passenger Concept C show car this year at the Geneva auto show. Production is slated for early 2006.
The convertible, which will be equipped with a retractable hardtop, is aimed at the youth market. It will be positioned between the Golf and Passat.
Passat: The redesigned sedan arrives here in September 2005; the redesigned wagon comes in February 2006.
Phaeton: With sales failing to meet worldwide projection, the future of VW's flagship is unclear.
Minivan: A fwd minivan will be developed, but it will not be based on the popular Microbus concept unveiled at the 2001 Detroit auto show. VW killed that design in May, citing costs.
The minivan will share a platform with the redesigned T5 light-commercial vehicle.
Production will begin in 2007, with sales here possibly in 2008.
Small sport wagon: VW is working on a small, awd for 2007 that is based on the redesigned Golf platform. The SUV will compete with the Land Rover Freelander and other small SUVs. Touareg styling cues are expected.
Mid-sized sport wagon: With the success of the Touareg, VW will expand its sport wagon offerings this decade. The vehicle will be designed to fill the price gap between the Passat and the Phaeton luxury sedan.
Sales could begin here in 2007 or 2008.
The sport wagon may share the rwd platform with the Maserati Quattroporte sedan, which goes on sale next month. The VW offering will be large enough to accommodate Audi's V-8 engine.
The vehicle might be called the Sfero.
Touareg: VW is exploring niches that would fill some holes in its U.S. product portfolio. One possibility is a larger Touareg SUV with a third row of seats.
C30: The little hatchback conceived as a tribute to the iconic P1800 of the late 1960s has been on-again, off-again for a couple years. The SCC and YCC concept cars demonstrate an interest in making such a vehicle. If it happens it likely wouldn't appear until 2008.
V30: Code-named P14, this small-er version of the V50 wagon is high on the priority list for Europe and could arrive in the United States in 2007 or 2008.
The car will be derived from a shortened version of the C1 platform, shared with the Volvo S40 and Mazda3, rather than the smaller Ford Fiesta/Mazda2 platform.
S40/V50: No changes are planned until a mid-cycle freshening in 2007 or 2008.
C70: The redesigned C70 coupe and convertible will share a platform and powertrains with the S40 and V50. Even though the current C70 dies in 2004, the redesigned coupe won't come until spring 2006. The convertible will arrive a few years later.
S60/V70: A redesign is expected in 2007.
S80: A re-engineering and restyling are planned for 2006. A Yamaha-built 4.4-liter V-8 and awd might be offered.
V90: The concept was seen at the 2003 Geneva show as the Versatility Concept Car. The production vehicle could arrive in 2007 as the flagship station wagon.
But Volvo is concerned that the price premium could be too high for U.S. wagon buyers and the vehicle size could be too large for European and Asian markets.
XC50: The design possibilities for this SUV are all over the map. It has vacillated between being a smaller version of the XC90, then shifted to more of a chunky wagon like the XC70. Expect it to arrive in 2005 looking more like an XC90. It will have the same hard points and engines as the S40 and V50.
XC70: A redesign is not slated until 2008.
XC90: A Yamaha-built 4.4-liter V-8 engine will be offered this fall. The V-8 is expected to make the XC90 a stronger competitor against the BMW X5 and Mercedes M class.
Staff Reporters Luca Ciferri, K.C. Crain, Ralph Kisiel, Diana T. Kurylko and Mark Rechtin and Product Editor Rick Kranz contributed to this report