August Horch and Wilhelm Maybach took different paths to reach the European Automotive Hall of Fame.
Horch (1868-1951) was a leader who was determined to start his own car company. Maybach (1846-1929) was a team player who preferred to work in the shadows.
But their careers were each forged working for German automotive pioneers and both helped mold the fledgling car industry.
The profound impact of their efforts has earned them a place in the Hall of Fame, which honors technical, managerial and entrepreneurial achievements.
Horch and Maybach are in the Hall's class of 2004, which also includes French automotive pioneer Marquis Albert de Dion and former BMW CEO Eberhard von Kuenheim. The four will join the hall's 22 other members during an induction ceremony March 2 in Geneva.
Worked for Benz
Horch was Carl Benz's production manager for three years before he started his own car company in 1899.
In 1909, Horch's shareholders forced him out of his company, August Horch & Cie, and retained all rights to use the Horch name. So a year later Horch founded a new automaker he called Audi, a Latin translation of his surname.
Horch's broad view and vast experience helped him advise German government departments on the import and export of cars and components. He also helped introduce left-hand-drive steering for cars in Germany.
Maybach was Gottlieb Daimler's top engineer. They met in 1865, started working together two years later and were a team until Daimler's death in 1900. The two were even close outside of work: They married sisters.
Maybach was so loyal that his inventions where usually patented in Daimler's company name. The pair's top achievements were the world's first self-propelled vehicle, built in 1885 and the 1901 Mercedes 35 Horsepower.