GENERAL MOTORS - Timothy Lee, 51, was named General Motors Europe's vice president of manufacturing.
Lee succeeds James Wiemels, 56, who is returning to the USA to focus on the integration of GM's global manufacturing. Wiemels will later take on a key operating role in GM's North American operations.
Lee joined GM in 1969. He has held several senior manufacturing positions, including executive vice president, manufacturing, for GM's Saturn Division. He was most recently executive director, manufacturing engineering, for GM's entire North American operations.
In his new position, Lee coordinates Opel, Vauxhall and Saab vehicle production in Europe.
JAGUAR - Martin Runnacles (right) joined Jaguar as global marketing director. He takes over from Phil Cazaly, who is retiring.
Runnacles was previously director of e-commerce at prestige UK car dealership chain Sytner.
Runnacles also held the position of global marketing director at Rover group, a job he left in 1999 when the British carmaker was still owned by BMW. Before Rover, Runnacles was marketing director for BMW in the UK.
TOYOTA/FORD - Andrea Formica, 41, Ford Italia chairman and CEO since July 1999, has moved to Toyota Motor Europe. Formica takes charge of Toyota's various national sales companies in Europe. He reports to Thierry Dombreval, executive vice president of marketing and sales.
At Ford Italia, Massimo Pasanisi, 37, replaced Formica. Pasanisi has been at Ford for the past 13 years. He most recently worked in new product planning for the C/D segment at Ford of Europe.
- Luca Ciferri
DESIGNWORKSUSA - Neil Brooker was made executive director of operations at DesignworksUSA. He was director of Porsche Engineering Services at the Porsche Styling Studio in California.
DesignworksUSA is a strategic design consultancy in Newbury Park, California, and is a member of the BMW group.