Luc-Alexandre Ménard, Renault's manager for the Mercosur trading area in South America, will replace Manuel Gomez as senior vice president in charge of international affairs.
The change, which is due to take place this summer, also affects the French carmaker's quality division.
In his new position, Ménard will oversee Renault's activities in Russia, eastern Europe (including Renault-controlled Romanian carmaker Dacia), Turkey, Africa and the Middle East.
Gomez will retain responsibility for Mexico and the northern area of South America.
The 60-year old Gomez, who has been in the international affairs job since 1995, will join the French carmakers association Comité des Constructeurs Francais d'Automobiles (CCFA) as vice president in June.
Gomez will then succeed current CCFA president Yves de Belabre when his term of office expires at the end of the year.
'It is traditional for Renault and PSA/Peugeot-Citroen to alternate the presidency of the CCFA,' said CCFA spokesman Jean-Pierre Mercier.
Belabre has been CCFA president since January 1997, and was proposed to the position by PSA.
Along with Gomez, the 57-year-old Ménard belongs to Renault's 28-member management committee.
Ménard will be replaced as head of the Mercosur division by Pierre Poupel, 58, who is currently in charge of Renault quality control.
Mercosur is a trading bloc comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, with a combined population of 210 million.
Poupel's replacement is Jean-Louis Ricaud, 49, an engineer who joined Renault earlier this year after working for nuclear industrial company OGEMA and steel producer Usinor. Ricaud will also join Renault's management committee.
The changes take effect July 1.