European drivers pay up to three times as much as the average American to fill their fuel tanks. In the United Kingdom, taxes account for 75 percent of fuel prices. In September, the refinery cost of gasoline was 16 pence, or 23 cents, per liter. Taxes added 87 cents, and the consumer paid $1.13 at the fuel pump.
In Germany, truckers have led consumer protests over the environmental tax now being charged. Polls have shown that more than 70 percent of consumers are feeling the effects of the surcharge. The government is weighing some relief for commuters and low-income individuals but has so far refused to repeal the tax.
Here is a nation-by-nation look at Europe's fuel crisis :
Norway: After a demonstration in Oslo, the government said it would cut taxes 4.5 percent. Transport unions threatened more protests.
Denmark: Government refused to cut taxes on diesel fuel; it might do so if Germany does.
Netherlands: Taxi and truck drivers drove slowly on roads around Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Demonstrations took place in The Hague.
Belgium: Blockades targeted fuel depots and highways to Germany and the Netherlands; there is traffic chaos in some cities.
Germany: Truckers create blockades, protesting an environmental tax.
Spain: The government promised to freeze taxes. After protests, the government also offered tax rebates to farmers, fisherment and transport companies.