The U.S. industry's top 10 most influential people of the 20th century were chosen and ranked by the staff of Automotive News. Henry Ford is No. 1. Here are the other nine.
2. Alfred Sloan Jr.
As president (1923-37) and chairman (1937-56) of General Motors, Sloan set forth the management principles that guided GM for nearly 70 years and made it the leader among world automakers.
3. Walter Reuther
A powerful pioneer in unionizing the auto industry, the flamboyant UAW president won the respect of automakers. He saw factory work not as drudgery but as a road to a better life.
4. Henry Ford II
In 1943 at age 27, Ford was called back from the Navy to become CEO of the family business. 'Hank the Deuce' emerged as a gifted leader who was the industry's most powerful voice for four decades.
5. William Durant
Entrepreneur extraordinaire Durant put GM together in 1908 only to lose it, regain it and lose it again for good in 1920.
6. Walter Chrysler
When he bought his first car as a youth in Ellis, Kan., Chrysler, a mechanic who crafted his own tools, took it apart and put it together over and over to learn the technology. After leaving GM in 1920, he revived Maxwell Motor Co., which became Chrysler Corp. in 1925.
7. John Dodge 1864-1920 and Horace Dodge 1868-1920
In 1903, the brothers agreed to make engines for Ford in return for 10 percent of the company's stock. Their $20,000 investment yielded $25 million in 1919. They started their own company, Dodge Brothers Inc., and began building their own car in 1915.
8. W. Edwards Deming 1900-93
In the 1950s, U.S. car companies rejected management consultant Deming's principles of statistical quality control only to watch Japanese automakers adopt them and become world-class competitors.
9. Lee Iacocca
In 1978, Henry Ford II fired Iacocca as Ford's president and COO. The setback turned out to be a career maker. Iacocca was named to the same positions at Chrysler, where he engineered one of the biggest turnarounds in corporate history.
10. Ralph Nader
The country's leading consumer advocate, Nader started the movement that revolutionized auto safety.