The Munich-Oberbayern automotive trade association is carrying out the survey among its members.
Dealers will be asked to describe their biggest problems, such as high costs for borrowed capital or weak gross returns.
Guild members will also be asked whether they can survive if the current weak auto market worsens, and whether they have any plans to sell their businesses.
The survey will also cover dealers' relationship with auto manufacturers.
The poll will end in Bavaria on December 15 and will be extended to the rest of Germany after that.
More than 800 car showrooms and garages in Germany filed for insolvency last year.